Periodontal (gum) disease is a chronic infection which is developed over time. When teeth aren’t flossed regularly, especially in the presence of uncontrolled diabetes or smoking patients, the gums become inflamed and a space is created between the teeth and gums. It is here where harmful bacteria grow deeper and deeper below the gums and cause destruction to the bone and tissue around teeth. Conventional cleanings often will not be able to remove the calculus build-up and bacteria in these areas. Through non-surgical periodontal treatment, including scaling and root planing, plaque and calculus [tartar] build-up is removed and gum tissue is allowed to heal. This procedure includes cleaning the root surfaces below the gums, leaving a smooth, clean surface.
Numbing the gums is often required, occasionally with the assistance of nitrous sedation, and an ultrasonic scaler in conjunction with hand instruments are used to reach the depths of gum pockets to remove debris. Systemic or localized antibiotics are often indicated to help control the infection and help the tissues heal.
A re-evaluation will be completed 4-6 weeks after treatment to assess periodontal health and if further treatment is warranted.